- BBC News World
The Peruvian Congress again refused to advance the election date to 2023. The latest proposal, by Fuerza Popular (Fujimorismo) Congressman Hernando Guerra, did not receive the necessary votes.
As announced a few days ago, in the face of a new rejection from Congress, the government of President Dina Boulwart has submitted a bill so that elections can be held this year.
“A few moments ago we entered into the table of parts of Congress a bill which, by constitutional mandate, is of a character of urgency and priority, a legislative initiative in which we propose to advance the general election of 2023,” he declared. Prime Minister, Alberto Otarola.
“We hope that Congress will expeditiously, if possible in the next few days, put this law on the agenda and discuss and reflect again on the need for peace and quiet that the country requires,” Otarola said.
Bulwart has repeatedly asked Congress, which has the power to advance elections, to reach an agreement that will allow the country to “cool off” and provide a way out of the political crisis it has been mired in since the fall of Pedro Castillo in the past. Dec. 7.
Since then, they have been living protests in different parts of the country, With barriers and assaults on airports and 58 deaths, according to the latest report from the Board of Grievances.
Under the slogan “QC Vaian Todos”, the demonstrators demanded Boulwart’s resignation, the dissolution of the Congress and immediate elections. Some are also calling for a new constitution for Peru.
Although he initially asserted that he would run out of Pedro Castillo’s term and remain in office until 2026, Pollarte has been adjusting his position under pressure from protests and opinion polls showing that a majority of Peruvians see immediate elections as the only way to go. out of the crisis. According to the Institute for Peruvian Studies, Almost 75% of the population He wants the elections to be held as soon as possible.
First, it promoted the holding of elections in April 2024, which has been tentatively approved in Congress. But this did not calm the demonstrations and he later called for an electoral process as early as 2023.
His attempts have so far collided with congressional disapproval, which also shows in opinion polls a minimum level of approval. Demonstrators in Peru and comments in the media accusing congressmen of clinging to the seat and thus preventing a solution for the country.
He informed the President of Congress, Jose Williams, that the sessions would resume on Thursday and the proposals that had been put forward would be examined. New try coming.
What does the bill propose?
According to Otárola said after the presentation of the project, it definesTo the first round on the second Sunday of October this year.
The election will be general and a new president, vice president and members of Congress will be elected.
The goal is for each of them to be able to take office in the first months of 2024.
The government realizes that the country is in a state of emergency, which also has a serious economic impact. Roadblocks have caused shortages of food, fuel and other essential products in several parts of the country. Some major mines have had to suspend their activities, and international tourism has almost disappeared.
what would happen
Since the crisis erupted, Congress has discussed a possible electoral advance several times. On the first vote, it was accepted to advance it to April 2024, but, as constitutional reform might imply, a second vote at a later legislative session would be required, which has not yet happened.
The still unfulfilled promise of elections in April 2024 did not satisfy the protesters, who continued their movements.
With the stated goal of resolving the situation, Fujimorista Hernando Guerra promoted an alternative text to hold elections in 2023. After intense discussion, the proposal included “supplementary” elections, according to which the new authorities would have an abbreviated term until 2026. But the proposal was also rejected.
Given the background, there are reasons to question the government’s passage of the bill.
Some situations seem irreconcilable.
Speakers for seats on the far right, such as Renovación Popular or Avanza País, reject the dissolution of Congress and elections for congressmen.
While other left-wing groups, such as Pero Liber or the Judicial Bloc, are now asserting that they will legally support the early call for elections only if they also consider holding a referendum on the Constituent Assembly. The entanglement continues, and even the approved tentative date of April 2024 can no longer be taken for granted.
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