The global electoral arena in 2021

#LaSemanaResumida | Politicians leave, others return and others in the future

The Middle East is the region that bears the brunt, as there are elections in Israel – the fourth in two years; Iraq, Iran, Syria and Palestine have yet to be confirmed. In the first case, Benjamin Netanyahu, who is facing charges of fraud and breach of trust, will face Benny Gantz, his former coalition partner, and Gideon Saar, who his new party may prevent him from associating with old collaborators.

In Iraq, in the wake of political corruption protests and the resignation of then-prime minister Abdul-Mahdi, elections will take place amid a health crisis and low income due to low oil prices, as well as deep sectarian divisions between Shiites, Sunnis and Kurds. Problem.

Finally, in Iran, the ballot pulse heralds the return of the conservatives and the presidents, which means the victory of the Ayatollah, the country’s highest political and religious figure, in line with the new seal imposed by Joe Biden on the nuclear program.

In Latin America, the Big Three countries: Brazil, Mexico, and Argentina do not hold presidential elections, but in the case of the last two, the Congress will be renewed, as does El Salvador.

Regarding leadership changes, the episode begins in Ecuador, where Lenin Moreno chose not to run for re-election as former President Rafael Correa, and Andres Arause and Guillermo Laso were the main contenders. Next on the list, Peru wants the April elections to lead to political stability, as the country adopts three different presidencies within a week, following the impeachment attack against Martin Vizcarra.

In Nicaragua, Daniel Ortega will likely get his fourth consecutive term, as a controversial law in December 2020 makes it virtually impossible for the opposition to compete.

Elections in Honduras will be marked by the sacking of President Juan Orlando Hernández, who has been widely criticized by the international community for his re-election in 2017. Finally, Chile, whose election precedes a referendum decision by adopting a new constitution, whose government faces one of the worst popularity rates in the world.

Finally, in Africa, Uganda has already held elections in which Yoweri Museveni, president since 1986, was re-elected, despite allegations of fraud. Other elections to consider are Somalia, Cape Verde, Congo, Chad, Zambia, and Ethiopia, the last country to host the African Union, whose president was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2019, but now appears to have veered and taken the path of tyranny with the military intervention in the Tigray region. .

Editor’s note: Rina Musali is an international analyst and host of Vértice Internacional on Congress Channel. follow her Twitter And in Linkedin . The opinions expressed in this column are those of the author.

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