When the Taliban was in power, many Afghans quickly left their country. This is due to the fear generated by violent revenge and the strict management imposed by the militias, as happened in the late 1990s. In this context, many Western countries have already agreed to host refugees.
UNHCR noted that many Afghans trying to leave the country were not allowed to do so. The Taliban set up checkpoints around Kabul International Airport in the capital to block exits.
These are some of the countries that welcomed Afghans.
According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Pakistan, which has the longest border with all of Afghanistan’s neighbors, already has about 1.4 million registered refugees who have been living there for decades. The number will be doubled if non-registrants are taken into account.
When he learned that the Taliban had seized power, hundreds of terrified Afghan civilians gathered in that border town, but only merchants with valid travel documents were allowed to pass.
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According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, there are about 780,000 Afghan nationals on Iranian soil and it has asked its officials to turn away all Afghans who reach the border checkpoints.
Turkey, which already hosts 3.6 million registered Syrian refugees and some 320,000 other citizens, has long been concerned about a possible wave of Afghan migrants from Iran.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has vowed to build the wall on the Iranian border after hundreds of Afghans arrived in the country in recent weeks.
Troops have evacuated more than 5,200 people so far, 2,000 of them on the last day. Joe Biden’s government has promised to evacuate 22,000 vulnerable Afghans through the Allied Refugee Operation.
The United States is urging third countries to place asylum seekers temporarily in Afghanistan while their visas are being processed. Uganda has already promised to host 2,000 refugees.
In London, 20,000 refugees have been promised resettlement over five years, and the first 5,000 are expected to arrive this year. Boris Johnson’s government has announced that 10 RAF flights daily leave Kabul with Afghans working with the elements and their families.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel said up to 10,000 people should be evacuated, including those who worked in the German contingent in Afghanistan, humanitarian activists, lawyers and others at risk.
Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez has announced that his country will temporarily accept evacuees of Afghan nationals working in the European Union. On Thursday, the first transport of Spanish and Afghan evacuees from Kabul landed at Madrid’s Torrejon de Ardoz airport.
Three countries in Latin America have expressed their willingness to take in many refugees, with priority given to women and girls: Mexico, Chile and Costa Rica.
Mexican Foreign Minister, Marcelo Ebrard, announced, via his Twitter account, that the government will start processing the first asylum applications of Afghan nationals through the Mexican embassy in Iran.
Chile has stated that it accepts Afghans who are dedicated to promoting women’s rights and who feel threatened. President Sebastian Pinera said he is committed to receiving about 10 families through the NGO’s Front Line Defenders programme.
Costa Rica announced the creation of a “Humanitarian Front for Afghan Women and Girls”. Vice President Epsy Campbell stated on his Twitter account that “Costa Rica has decided to open its borders” and demanded that other countries act “like the real United Nations!” @usual
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