Sub-Saharan Africa faces improvements in 2021. The launch of a free trade agreement after delays caused by the epidemic could help the economic recovery. The region will also have to stop the growing jihadist bloodshed, restore the democratic path and resolve diplomatic tensions such as the Great Renaissance Dam between Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan. Ultimately, the continent’s relationship with the United States could change under the Biden administration.
The pandemic has not resulted in the devastating death toll expected in Sub-Saharan Africa. The region has only 5% of cases worldwide and 3% of deaths, which is 17% of the world’s population. The United Nations expected at least 300,000 deaths in April, and that there will be as many as 3.3 million deaths in 2020 alone, however, there are about 35,000 deaths excluding countries in the north of the continent. The worst countries were the ones most connected to the outside world, especially South Africa. In addition, wild polio has been eradicated across the continent, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo became Ebola-free for the first time in two years, after overcoming two outbreaks. The other positive news is the peace agreements in Sudan and South Sudan or the peaceful change of power in Malawi after repeated elections.
However, 2020 was not a good year for sub-Saharan Africa, starting with the economic crisis. South Africa is facing its worst recession since 1992 after suffering a 51% drop in GDP in the second quarter of the year compared to the same period the previous year. Its bad situation has dragged on the rest of the nations. It weighs in prison and corruption …
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