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The killing of a young woman detained by Iranian security forces sparked a wave of protests that were violently suppressed by the authorities and put the country in the international spotlight.
maha amini, 22, was arrested for not covering her hair properly with a hijab. And then he died. According to Iranian authorities, she had a heart attack, but her family says she was killed in police custody.
Human rights groups said the events took place in mid-September and about 150 people have been killed since then.
The events also reopened the debate over who has the last word in the oil state. Given this, we analyze the hierarchy of the Iranian government.
What are the powers of the Supreme Leader?
The most powerful figure in Iran is Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, the country’s supreme leader since 1989.
Khamenei is Chief of state s Commander in Chief of the Forces armed. He has authority over the National Police and the Morality Police, whose agents arrested Amini.
The ayatollah also controls the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps responsible for the country’s internal security, and its volunteer wing, the Basij resistance force. The Basij forces have repeatedly suppressed dissent in Iran.
It is the person who has the most decision-making power over how to deal with protests.
What role does the president play?
The President of the Islamic Republic of Iran is Ebrahim Raisi Elected CEO And the second after the Supreme Leader.
Raisi is responsible for the day-to-day management of the government and has a significant influence on domestic policy and foreign affairs.
However, his powers are relatively limited, in particular Regarding the safety issue.
The Ministry of the Interior, under the control of the president, formally headed the national police force, which suppressed the protests. However, its leader is appointed by the Supreme Leader and is directly subordinate to him.
The same applies to the commander of the Revolutionary Guards and the Basij.
If the supreme leader wants to end the protests by force, the president He has no choice but to fold to me.
The powers of the president can also be controlled by Parliament, which is the body responsible for making laws. In turn, the Guardian Council – which includes close allies of the Supreme Leader – has the power to approve and veto new laws.
What is the morality police?
The Morals Police – or Orientation Patrols – are part of the National Police.
This branch of the Security Agency was set up in 2005 to support Islamic morals and “proper” dress laws, which were introduced after the 1979 Islamic Revolution.
estimated that he has 7000 agentsmen and women, who have the power to issue warnings and impose fines or arrest suspects.
chief chief a Politician hard lineThis summer, several new measures were introduced to enforce hijab-wearing rules.
Measures include the introduction of surveillance cameras to help detect non-veiled women, and mandatory prison sentences for people opposing veiling rules on social media.
Who are the Revolutionary Guards?
The Revolutionary Guards is the main Iranian organization for maintaining internal security, and it was created after the revolution to defend the Islamic regime in the country.
The Revolutionary Guards are now a major military, political, and economic power in Iran, with more than 150,000 soldiers. It has its own land, sea and air forces, and it oversees Iran’s strategic weapons.
It has an external arm called the Quds Force, which secretly provides money, weapons, technology, and training to its allies throughout the Middle East.
It also controls the strength of the Basij’s resistance.
What is a basij?
The Basij Resistance Force, known officially as the Organization for the Mobilization of the Oppressed, was formed in 1979 as a volunteer paramilitary organization.
have branches in all provinces And the cities of Iran, and in many official institutions in the country.
Its male and female members, called the Basij, are loyal to the revolution and are subject to the orders of the guards.
Thought this organization has some 100,000 members who perform internal security duties.
The Basij has been heavily involved in suppressing anti-government protests since the disputed 2009 presidential election.
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