The European Space Agency has found a new family of black holes, whose members are neighbors of the Earth

The European Space Agency has found a new family of black holes, whose members are neighbors of the Earth

Write down these names Gaia BH1 and Gaia BH2, because they are the two black holes closest to Earth and they were just discovered.

Black holes “swallow” matter without anything being able to escape. picture: European Space Agency

In space there is a whole series of dangers that could threaten the survival of the Earth as a habitable place. The most widespread danger, perhaps thanks to science fiction movies, is a falling meteorite. However, there is another problem that, as it is more relevant to the scientific community, we do not usually take into account. This is a possible existence Black holes near our planet. How far can this heavenly number swallow us? Furthermore, what is a black hole?

A few days ago we informed you that a study promoted by Spanish researcher Lorena Hernandez García concluded that there is a black hole pointing directly at Earth. However, she falls Fairly safe distanceSo that should not worry us, at least in the short and medium term. Now, what if I told you that the two closest black holes to Earth were discovered recently?

the European Space Agency A report in which two new black holes have been cataloged, called Gaia BH1 and Gaia BH2. Let’s see, then, what danger we feel threatened by their presence, what are the keys to take into account when conducting future studies and, of course, How serious can it be? in the medium term.

More black holes and, above all, closer to Earth

black holes They still haven’t revealed some of their most basic secrets. What happens to the material that is directly absorbed by this number? Only in some films has it been possible to check, based on science, what can be tried, but the truth is that it is still an approximation far from reality. Now, how was the latter discovered? A team of astronomers, while studying the orbits of stars tracked by Gaia, realized that some of them were gravitationally affected by massive objects.

Called Gaia BH1 and Gaia BH2, they are located 1,560 light-years away from us in the direction of the constellation Ophiuchus and 3,800 light-years away in the constellation Centaurus, respectively. It is true that it seems to be a safe distance, but these records, in cosmological terms, are not many. It should also be noted that they have sizes It will exceed the dimensions of the Sun up to 10 times.

The discovery of these new black holes is made possible by Gaia, a satellite that specializes in measuring and analyzing the exact location of billions of stars. Thanks to this, it was possible Discover some cuteness attractions from a group of stars. By conducting a more detailed study, it was possible to ascertain why all this is due to the presence of a black hole in the vicinity.

Further studies are expected in the coming months Identify other risks that may be there In the future regarding these two new black holes, and of course check out the possibility of other options existing near Earth.

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